Periodontics is the specialty that studies and treats illnesses affecting the gums and the bone that surround and support the teeth, particularly gingivitis and periodontitis.
They are caused by bacterial plaque on the dental surface when teeth are not brushed regularly. A painless loss of the bone surrounding the teeth takes place which can lead to tooth loss if not treated in time.
The periodontist, as a specialised dentist in this field, provides a solution to these problems in accordance to the degree of deterioration. These treatments always begin with oral hygiene instructions; these are of vital importance because if the patient does not collaborate the results will not last long.
The periodontist will remove bacteria on superficial zones (supragingival scaling) and deeper zones (scaling and root planning) using mechanical methods, and will perform routine check-ups over time. In complex cases, periodontal surgery is needed, its objective is to clean the root under visual control, remove recesses that increase the risk of infection, remove inflammation, improve the regeneration of periodontal tissues, remove diseased tissues, and create a physiological and aesthetic periodontal architecture.
In short, techniques are applied not only to avoid teeth loss but also to regenerate missing supporting tissues.