There are certain partially or totally genetically based diseases whose phenotypic expression in the form of signs and symptoms affects various parts of the human body. Sometimes, oral manifestations may be the first or most prominent of this set, so they can serve as a warning for early detection in a simple way.
Personalized or precision dentistry is a concept that was born as an extension of personalized or genomic medicine. This is an innovative concept within the current development of medicine, supported by genomic and molecular diagnostic techniques. Access to these techniques has been favored by their lower costs. These are diagnostic tools that allow early detection of alterations with a partial or total genetic basis and that give meaning to the clinical manifestations or phenotypes (signs and symptoms).
The digital revolution has been of great help in medicine as it makes it easier to collect and analyze data from each individual and integrate it into larger groups. Comprehensive analysis of these clinical and molecular data in large study groups is the key to making precise therapeutic decisions for each patient.
There are currently several groups that lead research and development of data management and analysis systems for medical records and molecular studies. The difficulty of managing and interpreting all this volume of information effectively and efficiently is a great challenge in the health sciences.
This new medicine of precision and digital integration is born from the sum of these factors: the improvement of management and digital analysis of data reported in studies of classical evidence-based medicine; advances in genomic and molecular medicine; advances in 3D imaging diagnostic techniques, biochemical markers… and at the end of the digital integration of all this information.
The improvement of techniques in early detection and personalized treatments are already here.
Dentistry clinicians will adapt to its management and interpretation, thereby improving therapeutic decision-making.